Fast Facts | Ontario Highlands Tourism

Ontario’s Highlands has a rich geological heritage that makes this region unique and full of interesting discoveries. Here are some “fast facts” about recreational geology that may pique your interest and help you learn more about this growing activity before embarking on a geological journey of your own.

  1. The Ontario Highland’s region represents only 2% of the province’s total size, but nearly one-third of Ontario specimens in the Smithsonian Institute’s mineral collection are from this area. Check out the Smithsonian online mineral collection DB here: (geographical information from Wikipedia)
  2. 1,710 sites of interest have been identified in Ontario’s Highlands according to the Mineral Deposit Index of the Ontario Geological Survey
  3. More than 300 types of minerals have been identified in Ontario’s Highlands, 12 of which were originally discovered here
  4. The first discovery of gold in Ontario was made at the Richardson Mine in 1866 – thirty years before the Klondike! Read the full story here: Geology and Scenery, Peterborough, Bancroft, and Madoc
  5. Bancroft is known as Canada’s Mineral Capital
  6. Eganville is the Ordovician Fossil Capital of Canada
  7. “Geoheritage” is a familiar term in Lanark County – try it out during your stay!


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